The "Goldberg" -revisited-
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Nachbaur's"Goldberg" (4 tubes)
Fred's AM Transmitters can be seen here:
Evan's Improvements to the original design
New 6v Tube lineup - 12AT7, 6GY6, 12AU7, 6AL5
The real difference/s between Fred Nachbaur's "Goldberg" original and this redesign:
This is a real nice TX. It is a bit more complex to build, but the end result is satisfying. Fred, said that his Goldberg is best peaked/tuned with an oscilloscope. I would agree with this.
Fred said it was the only one he listened to after building his original. With the modifications I've made to linearize the audio even more, I can only believe this new "-revisit-" would have improved the experience.
Check out the video at the bottom.
Click on the image below for a larger schematic.
TX Power Output 73% more - as mentioned by Fred?
No, I cannot verify this. Of course, Fred was referring to "The Gypsy" his 3 tubes TX. I find that this MU follower RF output configuration produces a small clean waveform. However, using a single section of the 12AU7 setup in a more traditional way produces better results than the MU follower.
So, if you're looking for more horsepower and you're only using a wet noodle antenna (A wire used as a radio antenna.) you might wish to try the RF output circuit shown below instead of the MU follower. I recommend the JJ EL84 or a 6BQ5.
On the print below please notice that the crystal frequency is now 1.4mhz. Adding a little negative bias to the grid of the EL84, increases the modulated power.
On this TX, I've installed a variable inductor RF output coil (101uH - 225uH) which allows me to match the antenna impedance. Of course, you must have an oscilloscope to adjust this TX appropriately.
NOTE: If you cannot find such a variable inductor try using a fixed 150uh RF inductor, and add a 50pf variable capicitor on the antenna side for peaking the output. The results will be close enough at the design frequency of 1.4mhz. (The approximate antenna matching choke value is 140uH +/- )
The print below shows the TX with a modified RF output using an EL84.
The schematic/s above always show the latest updates.
The pictures below may not show every update.
Click on any image below for a larger picture.
The ribbon cable you see goes to the LED's installed in the tube sockets.
All on a single 6" X 8" top!
To answer your FAQ's
Do not use a radial lead power inductor on the plate of the oscillator tube, use a true RF choke. Antique Electronic Supply will sell you what you need. If you use the radial lead choke, which is smaller and looks better, the oscillator may not be playing at it's FULL potential.
Power Supply Design
Fred Nachbaur said:
Within the power supply there are individually decoupled power supply filter sections. The rationale behind this was to provide good decoupling between the three tubes involved, whilst keeping the voltages reasonably high.
Fred Nachbaurs said:
Note that this transmitter uses about twice the B+ voltage of any of the previous designs. This is to accommodate the higher requirements of the mu-follower RF amplifier, and to help linearize the performance of the short-tail-pair differential audio amplifier. However, the supply is set up as a split (bipolar) supply, which allows us to ground-reference the output tank coil.
R8,R9,C19,C10 eliminated hum injection and cathode RF leakage.
Modifications to Fred Nachbaur's common-cathode amplifier
.....................The easiest solution is to place an additional plate resistor in the circuit. This resistor should be shunted to ground through a large-valued capacitor to ensure the benefits of the common-cathode amplifier. Many solder slingers do not bother adding the capacitor, introducing the Miller-effect capacitance and losing gain as a result. Laziness, stinginess, trendiness, and ignorance are the usual suspects.
The common-cathode amplifier shown above is nicely fleshed out: the diode protects the triodes at turn-on, when the cathodes are cold and not conducting. Once the they are conducting, the diode falls out of the circuit, as it becomes reverse-biased and no longer conducts. The decoupling capacitor is in place, which will shield the input from a inverted gain at the plate. A feedback loop returns a small portion of the output signal to the inverting input, stabilizing the gain, lowering both distortion and output impedance.
NOTE: I originally installed the diode shown above, however I removed it. I found that tubes from several manufacturers would not operate correctly in Fred's audio amplifier circuit with this diode installed. I also find that the right tube choice makes an incredible difference in the performance of this transmitter. I recommend the Raytheon Black Plate - 12AT7 tube, or if you can find one, a Mullard 12AT7.
Modifications to Fred Nachbaur's pentagrid oscillator
L1 & L3 are 2.5mH RF Chokes. This increases the output of the oscillator noticeably.
Modifications to the feedback circuit
Modifying the circuit as shown below changes the feedback pot to act more like a pre-emphasis control. Instead of feeding back all frequencies equally, the feedback network now favors the low frequencies, causing a greater gain reduction at lower frequencies, hence pre-emphasizing the higher frequencies.
1936 - Model 4586 Sears Silvertone radio listening to the,
(with an EL84 RF output)